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You are here: Contents > 2013 > Volume 22 Number 5 September 2013 > INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS > Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Predictors of Survival after Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Surgery

Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Predictors of Survival after Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Surgery

Michihito Nonaka, Takayoshi Kusuhara, Kenta An, Daisuke Nakatsuka, Yuji Sekine, Atsushi Iwakura, Kazuo Yamanaka

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tenri Hospital, Nara 632-8552, Japan

Background and aim of the study: The study aim was to comprehend the outcomes of surgery for prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) over 25 years and to identify predictors for patient survival.

Methods: A total of 47 consecutive patients (19 males, 28 females; mean age 67.0 ± 11.5 years) who underwent surgery for PVE between 1986 and 2011 was analyzed. Typically, PVE appeared at 4.2 ± 6.2 years after valve replacement. Preoperative and postoperative clinical variables were evaluated; the mean follow up was 6.4 ± 5.3 years.

Results: The incidence of PVE was 3.9% for 1,185 cases of valve replacement through the study period. Operative mortality was 17.0%. NYHA functional class IV (p = 0.01), preoperative shock (p = 0.03) and renal failure (p = 0.02)

were each independent predictors of operative mortality. Survival was 69.1 ± 9.3% at 10 years and 59.2 ± 12.1% at both 15 and 20 years. Preoperative impaired left ventricular function (p = 0.02) and preoperative renal failure (p = 0.04) were independent predictors of late mortality. Freedom from recurrent PVE remained at 82.5 ± 6.0% from two years up to 20 years after surgery. Initial infective endocarditis (p = 0.03) and postoperative heart failure (p = 0.04) were predictors of recurrent PVE. Freedom from reoperation was 84.8 ± 5.7% at 10 years, and 72.6 ± 12.2% at both 15 and 20 years.

Conclusion: This extensive examination revealed that critical preoperative conditions determine not only short-term but also long-term mortality after surgery to treat PVE. Hence, a timely surgical intervention and close follow up are crucial for patient survival.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2013;22:704-712


Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Predictors of Survival after Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Surgery

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