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You are here: Contents > 2014 > Volume 23 Number 6 November 2014 > INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS > Efficacy of Nafamostat Mesilate as Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Early Surgery in Patients with Active Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Stroke

Efficacy of Nafamostat Mesilate as Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Early Surgery in Patients with Active Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Stroke

Toshihito Sakamoto, Hiroya Kano, Shunsuke Miyahara, Takeshi Inoue, Naoto Izawa, Yasuko Gotake, Masamichi Matsumori, Kenji Okada, Yutaka Okita

Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan

Background and aim of the study: Recent brain complications (e.g., bleeding or infarction) in patients with active infective endocarditis (AIE) are recognized as a contraindication for early surgery. Nafamostat mesilate (NM) is a synthetic protease-inhibiting agent that has not only potent inhibitory activity against coagulation factors (Xlla, Xa) but also an anti-inflammatory action. Herein is reported the authors’ successful surgical experience using NM with low-dose heparinization in patients with AIE complicated by recent cerebral complications.

Methods: Twenty-eight patients (mean age 54.9 ± 18.7 years) who had undergone surgery for AIE of the native valve (n = 21) or prosthetic valve (n = 7) were reviewed retrospectively. AIE was present in the aortic (n = 8), mitral (n = 16), aortic/mitral (n = 4) and tricuspid (n = 1) valves. Twenty-two of 28 patients had preoperative stroke, and six had active brain bleeding. Surgery was performed at a mean of 2.4 ± 2.1 days after the onset of stroke. NM (209 ± 152 mg) with low-dose heparin (3796 ± 1218 IU; 67.4 ± 20.3 IU/kg)

was used for anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The activated clotting time (ACT) was maintained at 350-450 s by the precise administration of NM into a cardiotomy reservoir (0.5 mg/kg/h) and a venous reservoir (sliding controlled dose at 1.5 mg/kg/h).

Results: The CPB time was 181.3 ± 92.6 min. Five patients (17.8 %) died during hospitalization due to persistent sepsis (n = 3), brain death caused by massive brain embolism before CPB establishment (n = 1), and pneumonia (n = 1). There was no further aggravation of intracranial bleeding, and no new hemorrhagic stroke.

Conclusion: Nafamostat mesilate, administered in conjunction with low-dose heparinization, served as an effective anticoagulant for early surgery in patients with AIE complicated by stroke, and caused no further deterioration of the cerebral lesions.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2014;23:744-751

 


Efficacy of Nafamostat Mesilate as Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Early Surgery in Patients with Active Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Stroke

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