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You are here: Contents > 2015 > Volume 24 Number 3 May 2015 > MITRAL VALVE DISEASE > Mitral Valve Replacement with Half-and-Half Technique for Recurrent Mitral Paravalvular Leakage

Mitral Valve Replacement with Half-and-Half Technique for Recurrent Mitral Paravalvular Leakage

Akimasa Morisaki, Yasuyuki Kato, Yosuke Takahashi, Toshihiko Shibata

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka City General Hospital, Osaka, Japan

Reoperation for paravalvular leakage can cause recurrent paravalvular leakage through severe damage to the mitral annulus. Previously, mitral valve replacement using a half-and-half technique for extensive mitral annular calcification was reported; here, application of the technique to treat recurrent paravalvular leakage is described. A 78-year-old male with three prior mitral valve replacements developed recurrent paravalvular leakage, for which he had undergone his third mitral valve replacement at the age of 69 years. On this occasion, a mechanical valve with circumferential equine pericardial patch reinforcement of the annulus had been used. Five years later, the patient developed hemolytic anemia and congestive heart failure due to recurrent paravalvular leakage. Intraoperatively, broad dehiscence was seen

between the prosthetic valve and mitral annulus at two sites, the anterior and posterior commissures, without infection. A fourth mitral valve replacement was performed with a St. Jude Medical valve, using a half-and-half technique. This entailed the use of non-everting mattress sutures on the anterior half of the annulus, and everting mattress sutures on the left atrial wall around the posterior half of the annulus. Extensive annular defects required reinforcement of the posterior mitral annulus with a bovine pericardial patch. Postoperative echocardiography showed no paravalvular leakage. The half-and-half technique may be useful in treating recurrent paravalvular leakage of the mitral valve.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2015;24:320-322

Mitral Valve Replacement with Half-and-Half Technique for Recurrent Mitral Paravalvular Leakage

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