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You are here: Contents > 2016 > Volume 25 Number 2 March 2016 > TRICUSPID VALVE DISEASE > Underlying Rheumatic Disease: An Important Determinant of Outcome in Tricuspid Valve Repair

Underlying Rheumatic Disease: An Important Determinant of Outcome in Tricuspid Valve Repair

Mandhir Munasur, Datshana Naidoo

University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Background and aim of the study: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) accompanying severe left-sided valve disease occurs on a functional basis, secondary to pulmonary hypertension and tricuspid annular dilatation. In the context of endemic left-sided rheumatic heart disease, non-recognition of organic disease of the tricuspid valve may adversely influence surgical decision-making, resulting in suboptimal outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of the perioperative and follow up data of 30 patients who underwent tricuspid valve surgery with concomitant left-sided valve replacement was undertaken. Preoperative evaluation by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography was routinely employed. Outcomes were analyzed by evaluation of the perioperative and two-year follow up clinical and echocardiographic data.

Results: All subjects had severe TR. Mixed tricuspid valve disease occurred in 11 subjects (36.7%). Tricuspid valve repair was performed in 28 patients. A significant improvement (p <0.05) in the following parameters occurred at six weeks postoperatively: NYHA functional class, tricuspid annular diameter, systolic pulmonary artery

pressure, severity of TR and tricuspid transvalvular gradient. Severe residual postoperative TR occurred in 26.7% of patients, but there were no identifiable predictors for this phenomenon. Severe residual postoperative TR was not associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. Preoperative (p = 0.013) and postoperative (p<0.002) pulmonary hypertension were associated with the development of major adverse cardiovascular events. The technique of tricuspid valve repair was not associated with the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events, nor with the development of severe residual postoperative TR. A satisfactory outcome was observed in only 40% of the study population.

Conclusion: The coexistence of mixed tricuspid valve disease in rheumatic heart disease patients undergoing left-sided valve surgery is an important determinant of outcome in tricuspid valve repair. The persistence of severe TR contributes to poor long-term outcomes, and its incidence may be lowered by the adoption of appropriate perioperative imaging techniques to delineate valve morphology.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2016;25:203-210

Underlying Rheumatic Disease: An Important Determinant of Outcome in Tricuspid Valve Repair

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