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You are here: Contents > 2017 > Volume 26 Number 6 November 2017 > CASE REPORTS > Congenital Left Ventricular-Right Atrial Communication Gerbode-Type Defect

Congenital Left Ventricular-Right Atrial Communication Gerbode-Type Defect

Moustafa Elsheshtawy1,3, Mahmoud Abdelghany2, Jacob Shani1, Manfred Moscovits1

1Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
2Department of Medicine,  Division of Cardiology, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA
3Electronic correspondence:

Adult congenital heart diseases present a unique challenge in assessing right-sided cardiac chambers, where pressures can be mistakenly calculated using

standard echocardiographic formulae. A challenging case is presented of a combined inlet ventricular septal defect and ventriculo-atrial Gerbode defect.

The diagnosis of such adult congenital heart diseases requires an in-depth understanding of cardiac pathophysiology and hemodynamics.


Video 1: Transthoracic echocardiography. Apical four-chamber view, showing a large inlet VSD with bidirectional shunt (Eisenmenger syndrome).

Video 2: Transthoracic echocardiography showing the Gerbode defect in a short-axis view.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2017;26:738-740


Congenital Left Ventricular-Right Atrial Communication Gerbode-Type Defect

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