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You are here: Contents > 2004 > Volume 13 Number 4 July 2004 > AORTIC VALVE DISEASE > Ten Years’ Experience in Aortic Valve Replacement with Homografts in 389 Cases

Ten Years’ Experience in Aortic Valve Replacement with Homografts in 389 Cases

Eckehard Kilian, Martin Oberhoffer, Helmut Gulbins, Antje Uhlig, Eckart Kreuzer, Bruno Reichart
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, University Hospital Grosshadern, Munich, Germany

Background and aim of the study: Aortic valve replacement using homografts is an accepted alternative to the use of other replacement devices, and has been established at the authors’ institution for more than 10 years.
Methods: Since 1992, a total of 389 homografts was implanted, and 332 patients (mean age 54 years, 72% males) were followed up. The initial patients (n = 75) had subcoronary implantation, all subsequent patients had root replacement. Both aortic grafts (AG) and pulmonary grafts (PG) were used. Follow up was conducted with regard to the factors ‘graft origin’, ‘implantation technique’ and ‘gender’, and included clinical examination, ECG and transthoracic echocardiography on an annual basis.
Results: Overall 30-day mortality was 5.4% (AG patients 3.9%, PG patients 13.5%; p = 0.09). Among late deaths (n = 22), six were valve-related (all prosthetic infection). Four minor thrombembolic events were recorded due to amaurosis fugax and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Freedom from reoperation was 86.5%. Indication for graft replacement was greater after

subcoronary implantation than after root implantation (p = 0.04). Reoperation was necessary in 24 patients due to restenosis (n = 4), regurgitation grade >II (n = 5), paravalvular leak (n = 2) and prosthetic infection (n = 13). At the latest echocardiographic follow up, mean peak pressure gradient was 15.60 ± 11.76 mmHg, homograft regurgitation grade was 0.82 ± 0.66, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (EDD) was 49.1 ± 7.54 mm, and mean aortic root diameter was 30.54 ± 5.48 mm. When comparing parameters at a mean of five years postoperatively, the pressure gradient increased from 10.26 to 15.02 mmHg, regurgitation grade increased from 0.53 to 0.81, and EDD decreased from 52.3 to 50.4 mm. Other variables showed no significant differences.
Conclusion: The present results confirmed good mid-term-results for aortic valve replacement with homografts. These prostheses are vulnerable to infection, and root replacement was superior to the subcoronary implantation technique.
The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2004;13:554-559
Ten Years’ Experience in Aortic Valve Replacement with Homografts in 389 Cases

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