Alice Wang1,4, Sharon L. McCartney2, Judson B. Williams3, Asvin Ganapathi3, Donald D. Glower3, Alina Nicoara2, Jeffrey G. Gaca3
1Division of General Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, NC, USA
Background and aim of the study: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) through a mini-thoracotomy is comparable to AVR through a sternotomy, but may have increased surgical times. The development of adjuncts such as the automatic knot fastener and percutaneous coronary sinus (CS) catheter may reduce this disadvantage.
Methods: A retrospective review conducted between 2002 and 2015 at a single institution revealed 78 patients who underwent MIAVR with adjuncts. The automatic knot fastener was used on all patients, and a successful CS catheter was placed and confirmed by echocardiography in 67 patients (86%). Patients were propensity matched against those who had MIAVR without adjuncts (n = 78) and through a median sternotomy (n = 78) for assessment of major morbidity. Variables were compared using an unpaired t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, chi-squared and Fisher’s exact test where appropriate.
Results: Patients who underwent MIAVR with adjuncts
had shorter cross-clamp times (70.5 versus 108.1 and 84.4 min; p <0.0001) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) times (101.1 versus 166.12 and 127.7 min; p <0.0001) than those who underwent MIAVR without adjuncts or through a median sternotomy. Patients who underwent MIAVR received fewer blood transfusions compared to those undergoing AVR via a median sternotomy (0.6 and 1.2 versus 2.5; p <0.012). Patients who underwent MIAVR with adjuncts had similar rates of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) than those undergoing MIAVR without adjuncts (33% versus 22%; p = 0.11), but had higher rates of AF compared to the sternotomy group (33% versus 17%; p = 0.02). Rates of in-hospital morbidity and mortality were similar between all groups.
Conclusion: The use of adjuncts during MIAVR led to a significant shortening of cross-clamp and CPB times, and to a requirement for fewer blood transfusions. Morbidity and mortality rates after MIAVR were similar to those in patients undergoing a median sternotomy.
The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2017;26:155-160
|Use of Adjuncts Reduces Cardiopulmonary Bypass Time During Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Replacement|
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