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You are here: Contents > 2012 > Volume 21 Number 4 July 2012 > MITRAL VALVE DISEASE > Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation Due to Ruptured Artificial Chordae: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation Due to Ruptured Artificial Chordae: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Uberto Bortolotti, Michele Celiento, Stefano Pratali, Gerardo Anastasio, Angela Pucci

Section of Cardiac Surgery, Cardiac Thoracic and Vascular Department, Division of Pathology, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

The use of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) sutures has become an established method to correct mitral regurgitation due to elongated or ruptured mitral chordae. Mitral valve repair using artificial chordae has demonstrated excellent long-term results, particularly as ePTFE retains its flexibility with time and is highly resistant to mechanical stress. On conducting a literature review, four cases were found of recurrent mitral regurgitation due to the late (6-14 years postoperatively) rupture of ePTFE chordae. Herein, the case is described of artificial chordal rupture that required reoperation at 11 years after the initial

mitral valve repair. In all previously reported cases, chordal rupture was related to the calcification of ePTFE, whereas in the present case only minimal calcification was observed at histology, and chordal rupture was most likely due to ePTFE fatigue-induced lesion. Although rare, rupture of the artificial chordae may cause recurrent mitral regurgitation; hence, the continuous monitoring of these patients, especially when the follow up extends beyond 10 years, appears mandatory.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2012;21:440-443

Recurrent Mitral Regurgitation Due to Ruptured Artificial Chordae: Case Report and Review of the Literature

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