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You are here: Contents > 2012 > Volume 21 Number 5 September 2012 > AORTIC VALVE DISEASE > Reduction Aortoplasty: Safe and Durable Treatment for Borderline Dilatation in Selected Patients

Reduction Aortoplasty: Safe and Durable Treatment for Borderline Dilatation in Selected Patients

Lars Niclauss, Dominique Delay, Patrick Ruchat, Ludwig Karl von Segesser

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland

Background and aim of the study: In aortic valve surgery, the management of ascending aortic dilatation is not clearly defined. Guidelines recommend replacement at diameters of 50 mm, but the handling of borderline dilatation has not been detailed. Reduction aortoplasty has been proposed as a less invasive and safe option in the case of a smaller dilatation above the sinotubular junction.
Methods: Between 1999 and 2009, reduction aortoplasties with or without external reinforcement associated with aortic valve surgery were performed in 82 patients. The ascending aortic diameter was measured echocardiographically at a mean follow up (FU) of 32 months (FU was 91% complete).
Results: The in-hospital mortality was 1.2%, and all patients were in NYHA class I or II. Echocardiography revealed a re-dilatation (≥5 mm) rate of 5.5%. One patient required reoperation. At univariate analysis, a preoperative dilatation >45 mm, persistent postoperative diameters >35 mm after reduction, and a younger age at the time of surgery

(≤65 years) were significant risk factors. Multivariate analysis confirmed the parameters for re-dilatation, and the area under the receiver operating curve was 0.85 for these three criteria. Mesh implantation, FU duration and bicuspid valve had no significant impact on outcome.
Conclusion: Reduction aortoplasty is a less-invasive option to handle borderline supra-coronary aneurysms in the case of concomitant valve surgery, compared to aortic replacement. The mortality remained low, and equal to that for simple aortic valve replacement. A large preoperative aortic diameter and age ≤65 years favored re-dilatation. Correct downsizing was technically demanding, but indispensable for long-term stabilization. Regard for these criteria could lead to numerous patients benefiting from this operative strategy, with good results.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2012;21:584-590

Reduction Aortoplasty: Safe and Durable Treatment for Borderline Dilatation in Selected Patients

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