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You are here: Contents > 2013 > Volume 22 Number 1 January 2013 > AORTIC VALVE DISEASE > Etiology Impacts Survival in Patients with Severe Aortic Regurgitation: Results from a Cohort of 756 Patients

Etiology Impacts Survival in Patients with Severe Aortic Regurgitation: Results from a Cohort of 756 Patients

Padmini Varadarajan, Reena Patel, Rami Turk, Ashvin R. Kamath, Unnati Sampath, Sumit Khandhar, Ramdas G. Pai

Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, USA

Background and aim of the study: Severe aortic regurgitation (AR) is caused by a variety of mechanisms, which include the degenerative process, bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), aortic root dilation, endocarditis or a combination of these. Their frequency in a contemporary clinical series, and their impact on survival, are currently unknown. Methods: The authors’ echocardiographic database between 1993 and 2007 was screened for patients with severe AR, and yielded 756 patients. Detailed chart reviews were performed to acquire clinical and demographic data. Mortality data were obtained from the social security death index and analyzed as a function of the condition’s etiology. Results: The probable etiologies for AR were: degenerative in 29% of patients, BAV in 10%,aortic root pathology in 11%, endocarditis

in 10%, and mixed or unclear mechanism in 40%. Survival was a function of the etiology (p <0.0001), with degenerative mechanism having the worst prognosis and BAV the best. This differential impact on mortality remained significant after adjusting for age, gender, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, renal insufficiency, left ventricular ejection fraction and aortic valve replacement, using the Cox regression model (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Etiology has a significant independent impact on mortality in patients with severe AR, with the worst survival being seen in degenerative AR.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2013;22:42-49

Etiology Impacts Survival in Patients with Severe Aortic Regurgitation: Results from a Cohort of 756 Patients

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