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You are here: Contents > 2015 > Volume 24 Number 3 May 2015 > REPLACEMENT VALVES > Hemodynamic comparison between Trifecta and Freestyle valves implanted in small aortic roots. One-year echocardiographic results from a prospective randomized study

Hemodynamic comparison between Trifecta and Freestyle valves implanted in small aortic roots. One-year echocardiographic results from a prospective randomized study

Giordano Tasca1, Antonello Stefano Martino1, Floriana Giannico1, Beatrice Riva2, Paola Redaelli1, Elisabetta Lobiati2, Michele Triggiani1, Andrea Galanti1, Amando Gamba1

From the Cardiovascular Department, Operative Unit of Cardiac Surgery1, and Operative Unit of Cardiology2, Ospedale “A. Manzoni” di Lecco. Lecco, Italy.

Background and aim of the study: Aortic valve replacement in patients with a small aortic root may be associated to high residual gradients. In such patients, both stentless valves and aortic annulus enlargement can reduce these residual gradients. Several studies have reported that Trifecta valves yield very good hemodynamic results. The aim of the present study was to compare the hemodynamic performance of Trifecta vs. Freestyle valves at one year in patients with an aortic annulus ≤2.3 cm.

Methods: Between September 2011 and September 2013, 40 patients with a native aortic annulus diameter ≤2.3 cm and average age of 81±4 years, were randomized to receive either a St-Jude Trifecta stented prosthesis (20 patients) or a Medtronic Freestyle stentless prosthesis (20 patients).

 

Results: No differences between Trifecta and Freestyle were found at one year in mean gradients: 6.1±3 mmHg and 6.6±3 mmHg (p=0.796) ; effective orifice area: 1.82±0.3 mmHg and 1.76±0.4 mmHg (p=0.676) or regression of left ventricular mass: -25%±14 vs. -19%±16 (p=0.204), respectively. Only moderate patient -prosthesis mismatch was found, which affected 3 patient s in each group.

Conclusion: At one year both stentless and stented prostheses yielded comparable hemodynamic results. These data suggest that Trifecta implantation is a valid means of avoiding patient –prosthesis mismatch in aortic valve replacement in elderly patients with a small native aortic annulus.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2015;24:360-367

Hemodynamic comparison between Trifecta and Freestyle valves implanted in small aortic roots. One-year echocardiographic results from a prospective randomized study

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