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You are here: Contents > 2015 > Volume 24 Number 6 November 2015 > AORTIC VALVE DISEASE > Right Anterior Mini-Thoracotomy: A 'New Gold Standard' for Aortic Valve Replacement?

Right Anterior Mini-Thoracotomy: A 'New Gold Standard' for Aortic Valve Replacement?

Elisa Mikus1, Simone Calvi1, Marco Panzavolta1, Josè Luis Zulueta2, Luca Dozza3, Andrea Cavallucci1, Mauro Del Giglio1

Departments of 1Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery and 2Anesthesia, Maria Cecilia Hospital, GVM Care & Research, Cotignola (RA), 3ES Health Science Foundation, Cotignola (RA), Italy

Background and aim of the study: Details are provided of the authors’ four-year experience with minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (AVR) through a right mini-thoracotomy, using totally central cannulation.

Methods: Between November 2011 and October 2014, a total of 248 patients (143 males, 105 females; mean age 72.6 ± 11.5 years; range: 29-93 years) underwent isolated AVR through a right anterior mini-thoracotomy with total arterial and venous central cannulation.

Results: AVR was performed through a 4- to 6-cm skin incision at the third intercostal space. The overall cardiopulmonary bypass time was 60.4 ± 16.7 min, and the aortic cross-clamp time 47.5 ± 14.1 min. A biological prosthesis was implanted in 242 patients (97.6%), using

running sutures. The median intensive care unit and hospital stays were 40.5 h (IQR 24.6) and six days (IQR 6.0), respectively. In-hospital mortality was 1.2% (3/248); among 86 patients operated on during 2014 the hospital mortality was zero.

Conclusion: AVR performed via a right mini-thoracotomy with total central cannulation provided encouraging results. Adequate surgeon experience, in addition to technical expedience, are of utmost importance as demonstrated by the progressive and steady reduction in operating times. This approach may become highly competitive to a standard full sternotomy, and could become the ‘new gold standard’ for aortic valve surgery in the near future.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2015;24:693-698

Right Anterior Mini-Thoracotomy: A ‘New Gold Standard’ for Aortic Valve Replacement?

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