Jessica Forcillo1, Pierre-Olivier Dionne1, Philippe Demers1, Louis P. Perrault1, Raymond Cartier1, Denis Bouchard1, Michel Carrier1, Michel Pellerin1,21Department of Cardiac Surgery, Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
2Electronic correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and aim of the study: Freedom from structural valve deterioration (SVD) at 15 years with the Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Perimount pericardial valve in the aortic position was 60% in patients aged <60 years compared to 90% and 99% in patients aged 60-70 years and >70 years, respectively. The study aim was to focus on the causes of SVD requiring valve explant according to three different age groups: <60 years, 60-70 years, and >70 years. The short- and longterm clinical results of the patient cohort, followed for 25 years, are presented.
Methods: A retrospective review was made of 89 patients among 2,405 who had undergone elective aortic valve replacement (AVR) with CE pericardial valves between November 1981 and March 2011, and in whom the prosthesis explant was secondary to degeneration of the valve.
Results: Patients aged >70 years experienced more late
complications such as endocarditis (p = 0.02) and mortality (p = 0.02). Following surgery for prosthesis explant and replacement, 39 of the 89 patients (44%) died. The average time to postoperative mortality in that population was 2.8 ± 3.6 years. On combining all causes of SVD, earlier dysfunction was noted in patients aged >60 years, and late dysfunction in patients aged <60 years (p = 0.003). However, there was no significant difference between groups in the process of degeneration (either calcification, pannus, tear, thrombus, endocarditis) (p = NS). No predictors were found of early and late dysfunction.
Conclusion: Patients aged >60 years in whom a CE Perimount valve was implanted in the aortic position were more prone to early degeneration of their valve and related mortality. However, no predictors were found of early degeneration of the valve in that patient population.
The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2016;25:657-662
|Morphological and Clinical Findings of Explanted Carpentier-Edwards Perimount Pericardial Valve in the Aortic Position|
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