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You are here: Contents > 2017 > Volume 26 Number 3 May 2017 > MITRAL VALVE DISEASE > Remodeling Mitral Annuloplasty Ring Concept with Preserved Dynamics of Annular Height

Remodeling Mitral Annuloplasty Ring Concept with Preserved Dynamics of Annular Height

Søren N. Skov1,2,4, Diana M. Røpcke1,2, Marcell J. Tjørnild1,2, Christine Ilkjær1,2, Jonas Rasmussen1,2, Hans Nygaard1,2, J. M. Hasenkam1,2, Morten O. Jensen1,3, Sten L. Nielsen1,2

1Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
2Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
3Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
4Electrnic correspondence:

Background and aim of the study: The configuration of the native annulus changes from nearly flat in the diastolic phase to saddle-shaped in the systolic phase. The present study was conducted to test a novel remodeling annuloplasty ring with built-in septal-lateral fixation and commissural axial flexibility so as to maintain the change in annular saddle shape. The study aim was to evaluate the in-vivo biomechanical performance of the novel annuloplasty ring, compared with the native valve and a semi-rigid and rigid annuloplasty ring.

Methods: All measurements were performed in vivo using a porcine model. A total of 28 pigs (bodyweight ca. 80 kg) were randomized to four groups: (i) with no ring; (ii) with a novel remodeling ring; (iii) with a semi-rigid ring (Physio I Ring, Edwards Lifesciences); and (iv) with a rigid ring (Classic Annuloplasty Ring, Edwards Lifesciences). Force measurements were performed using a dedicated transducer to determine remodeling capacity of the annuloplasty rings. Geometric parameters were measured by implanting sonomicrometry crystals along the mitral annulus.

Results: All ring groups significantly restricted the cyclic change of the mitral annulus compared with the ‘no-ring’ group. The change and maximum value of the annular height were maintained for the novel ring but were significantly decreased for the rigid and semi-rigid rings compared with the ‘no-ring’ group. Mitral annular force measurements confirmed that the overall remodeling capacity of the novel ring was comparable with the conventional ring groups, and significantly higher in the septal-lateral direction compared to the semi-rigid ring.

Conclusion: In-vivo geometry and force measurements indicated that the intended design features of the new device were successfully provided. The novel ring concept with remodeling properties, combined with the advantages of a flexible annuloplasty ring, is unique. The maintenance of annular saddle shape and cyclic change in annular height may be an important step towards improved mitral valve repair.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2017;26:295-303

Remodeling Mitral Annuloplasty Ring Concept with Preserved Dynamics of Annular Height

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