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You are here: Contents > 2017 > Volume 26 Number 4 July 2017 > AORTIC VALVE DISEASE > Impact of Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation on Early Outcomes after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Impact of Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation on Early Outcomes after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Mihir Barvalia1,2, Rajiv Tayal1, Marc Cohen1, Martin Miguel Amor1, Lilia Tcharnaia1, Chunguang Chen1, Mark Russo1, Bruce Haik1

1Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ, USA
2Electronic correspondence: mihir.barvalia393@topper.wku.edu

Background and aim of the study: Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) is often not taken into consideration in the prognostication of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Accordingly, its impact on such patients remains relatively poorly defined. The study aim was to explore the effect of TR and parameters of right ventricular (RV) function on outcomes in patients undergoing TAVR.

Methods: Baseline demographic and echocardiographic data were collected for 460 consecutive patients undergoing TAVR at the authors’ institution between 2012 and 2015. A retrospective analysis was performed to determine the association of TR with all-cause mortality in these patients. The primary endpoint was 30-day rate of all-cause mortality and/or hospital re-admission.

Results: Among 460 patients included in the study 

 

analysis there were 25 deaths and 40 re-admissions. Univariate analysis showed that a higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score, severe preoperative mitral and tricuspid regurgitation were associated with statistically significant higher 30-day mortality and/or re-admission rates. On multivariate analysis, STS score (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.012-1.126), moderate TR (OR 3.24, 95% CI 1.52-6.87) and severe TR (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.04-6.04) were identified as significant independent predictors of all-cause mortality.

Conclusion: The severity of TR is a strong independent parameter predictive of death at 30 days. Therefore, parameters of RV function such as TR should be incorporated into predictive models for patients undergoing TAVR.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2017;26:380-385


Impact of Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation on Early Outcomes after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

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