Alexis Kofi Okoh1,3,4, Nathan Kang1, Dhaval Chauhan1, Nicky Haik1, Dustin Hanos3, Marc Cohen2, Chungeng Chen2, Bruce Haik1, Mark J. Russo11Department of 1Cardiothoracic Surgery, R.W.J. Barnabas Health-Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
2Department of Cardiology, R.W.J. Barnabas Health-Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
3Department of Surgery, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, New Jersey, USA
4Electronic correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background and aim of the study: The study aim was to investigate the relationship between postoperative morbidity after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and short-term patient-reported health status, using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ).
Methods: The association between 30-day post-procedure changes in patient-reported heath status and post-TAVR outcomes was examined. Patients were stratified into three groups based on observed changes in KCCQ-Overall scores (OS): Group A, increase in KCCQ-OS ≥10 points; Group B, KCCQ-OS scores <10 points; and Group C, decline in KCCQ-OS ≥10 points. Variation components of KCCQ scores were determined using paired t-tests. Postoperative morbidity was investigated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify pre-procedural factors associated with an increase or decline in KCCQ-OS at 30 days.
Results: A total of 223 patients with complete baseline and
postoperative 30-day KCCQ responses was studied. At the 30-day follow up there was a significant change in baseline mean KCCQ-OS for all patients (mean difference 14.1; p <0.0001). Improvement in KCCQ-OS ≥10 was observed in 130 patients (58%), 64 patients (29%) had no change, and 29 patients (13%) had a decline in KCCQ-OS ≥10. The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), permanent pacemaker (PPM) placement and new-onset arrhythmia (NOA) was higher in group C than in groups A and B: AKI, 11%, 0%, 0%; p <0.001; PPM, 21%, 4%, 6%; p = 0.004; and NOA, 21%, 5%, 8%, p = 0.026. Independent predictors of decline in KCCQ scores after TAVR were PPM requirement (estimate: 0.76 CI 0.22, 1.29; p = 0.005) and NYHA functional class (III/IV) (estimate: -0.41 CI -0.71, 0.10; p = 0.009). Conclusion: TAVR patients experienced an improvement in health status after the procedure, but for a smaller proportion their health status worsened. Patients who experience perioperative complications may have a decline in their health status after the procedure in the short term.
The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2017;26:493-501
|Association of Change in Patient-Reported Health Status after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, and Postoperative Outcomes|
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