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Review Article | Volume 3 Issue 1 (, 1994) | Pages 81 - 87
Early and late outcome after reoperation for prosthetic valve dysfunction: analysis of 549 patients during a 26-year period
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Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Padova Medical School, Italy.
Under a Creative Commons license
PMID : -8162223
Published
Jan. 26, 1994
Abstract

Factors influencing operative mortality and late survival of 549 patients undergoing a first reoperation for prosthetic valve failure during the interval from 1966 to 1992 were analyzed; 347 patients had reoperation on a mitral prosthesis, 173 on an aortic prosthesis and 29 on both aortic and mitral prostheses. Univariate analysis showed that hospital mortality was higher in patients in functional class IV compared with those in class II-III (35% vs. 8%, p < 0.001), in those who required emergency reoperation (57% vs. 11%, p < 0.001), in those reoperated for endocarditis (59%) or valve thrombosis (43%) compared with those reoperated for structural valve deterioration (9%, p < 0.001), and in those with a failing mechanical prosthesis compared to patients with a bioprosthesis (21% vs. 10%, p < 0.05). Furthermore, operative mortality decreased from 41% in the period from 1966 to 1977, to 12% from 1977 to 1983 and to 8% from 1984 to 1992 (p < 0.001). Hospital survivors were followed from 0.1 to 22 years (mean follow-up 11 +/- 5 years) with an overall actuarial survival at 15 years of 24 +/- 5%. At 15 years actuarial survival is 24 +/- 5% for patients in preoperative functional class II-III and 20 +/- 6% for those in functional class IV (p < 0.05). It is concluded that in prosthetic valve recipients both early and late outcome is greatly influenced by preoperative clinical status. Increasing surgical experience, better myocardial protection and patient management have contributed to reducing the operative risk. More accurate patient follow up and possibly earlier reoperation might also improve the long term outcome.

 

 

How to cite: Bortolotti, U., Milano, A., Mossuto, E., Mazzaro, E., Thiene, G., & Casarotto, D. (1994). Early and late outcome after reoperation for prosthetic valve dysfunction: analysis of 549 patients during a 26-year period. The Journal of heart valve disease3(1), 81–87.

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