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You are here: Contents > 2004 > Volume 13 Number 5 September 2004 > CASE REPORTS > Aortic Valve Regurgitation in Alkaptonuria

Aortic Valve Regurgitation in Alkaptonuria

Masaru Yoshikai, Junichi Murayama, Noriko Yamada
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shin-Koga Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan

Aortic valve lesions associated with alkaptonuria tend mostly to be due to aortic valve stenosis, while aortic valve regurgitation is only rarely observed. Herein, a case is reported of severe aortic valve regurgitation and a fibrous strand in a patient with alkaptonuria. A 65-year-old male, with a history of inferior myocardial infarction, presented with symptoms of congestive heart failure. Alkaptonuria was diagnosed based on urine coloration, skin pigmentation and ochronotic arthropathy in the vertebrae and hip. Grade IV aortic valve regurgitation with mild aortic valve stenosis and occlusive disease in the right coronary artery indicated a need

for aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting. Sclerotic change in the cusps, and shrinkage of the non-coronary cusp, impeded normal coaptation of the aortic valve, and the left-coronary cusp also had a fibrous strand suspending the free margin of the cusp from the aortic wall just above the commissure. The sclerotic change in the cusps, and shrinkage of the non-coronary cusp, appeared to be the causative lesion of aortic valve regurgitation, implying that cardiovascular ochronosis may cause aortic valve regurgitation.
The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2004;13:863-865

Aortic Valve Regurgitation in Alkaptonuria

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