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You are here: Contents > 2006 > Volume 15 Number 1 January 2006 > INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS > Surgical Management of Infective Endocarditis

Surgical Management of Infective Endocarditis

Davinder S. Jassal, Ansar Hassan, Karen J. Buth, Tomas G. Neilan, Chris Koilpillai, Greg M. Hirsch

Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Section of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, Section of Cardiology, Cardiac Ultrasound Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Background and aim of the study: Although retrospective reviews evaluating the surgical management of infective endocarditis (IE) have been conducted in Europe and in the USA, few data exist regarding management of the condition in Canada. The study aim was to evaluate the surgical management of individuals with culture-positive active IE at a Canadian tertiary care university hospital.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 74 patients (53 males, 21 females; mean age 56 ± 14 years) with a preoperative diagnosis of acute IE between 1995 and 2003 at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Preoperative clinical variables evaluated included the Duke criteria for endocarditis, correlation between preoperative echocardiographic imaging and intraoperative findings, and postoperative morbidity and mortality.
Results: Native valve endocarditis (NVE) was present

in 60 patients, and prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) in 14. All patients met the Duke criteria for endocarditis. Correlation between preoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and surgical findings (vegetations 63%, abscesses 96%, leaflet perforation 100%) was superior when compared with preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (vegetations 43%, abscesses 75%, leaflet perforation 89%). There were low rates of postoperative morbidity (reoperation 8%, stroke 5%). Overall in-hospital mortality was 14% (seven NVE, 12%; three PVE, 21%).
Conclusion: Herein is presented the largest and most current case series of patients treated surgically for active IE. The results demonstrate excellent agreement between preoperative TEE and intraoperative surgical findings in the current era of surgical management of this condition.

The Journal of Heart Valve Disease 2006;15:115-121

Surgical Management of Infective Endocarditis

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